Practicing critical self-reflection often requires us to refer to theory or to best practice, something more objective than, or external to, our own subjective experience. One strategy to apply to this type of reflection is:
Description: What happened?
Personal experience: What was I thinking and feeling?
Evaluation: What was good and bad about the experience?
Analysis: What sense can I make from the experience? What have I learned? How does my experience connect with theory?
Confrontation: What values, beliefs and assumptions did I carry into this experience? Where did they come from? How do they differ from the values, beliefs and assumptions of others involved in the experience? What are the ethical implications of my actions?
Reconstruction: What could I do differently next time?
(Adapted from Teaching critical reflection (2014) Centre for Teaching and Learning, Southern Cross University)